suppress Mediterranean fruit fly populations. Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), and Natal fly, Ceratitis rosa Karsch (Diptera: Tephritidae) are important pests of fruits in Southern Africa (Annecke and Moran, 1982). The first sign of damage is often larvae-infested or ‘stung’ fruit. Understanding their lifecycle is key to controlling fruit fly. Box 4459, Hilo, Hawaii 96720 J. Econ. The first of numerous U.S. mainland infestations occurred in Florida in 1929. Currently Tasmania and South Australia are officially fruit fly free. INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Economic Evaluation of Damage Caused by, and Methods of Control of, the Mediterranean Fruit Fly in the Maghreb, IAEA-TECDOC-830, IAEA, Vienna (1995). QFF attacks a wide range of fruits and fruiting vegetables. Medfly detection. David C. Cook . The first sign of damage is often larvae-infested or ‘stung’ fruit. 1990;78:923–40. Control of Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Medfly) in Backyards By Sonya Broughton, Francis de Lima, Bill Woods, Entomology Branch and Harald Hoffmann, Biosecurity Communications Life cycle The onset of Medfly activity is temperature dependent. Revised Irradiation Doses to Control Melon Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly, and Oriental Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and a Generic Dose for Tephritid Fruit Flies PETER A. FOLLETT1 AND JOHN W. ARMSTRONG USDAÐARS, U.S. PaciÞc Basin Agricultural Research Center, P.O. To obtain good control of the Mediterranean fruit fly it is advisable to combine two methods: detection and monitoring; and mass trapping. Female flies emerge from the soil and immediately feed on protein in order to become sexually mature. Corresponding Author. 1961). Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate cooler climates better than most other species of fruit flies, and its wide range of hosts, it is ranked first among economically important fruit fly species. SA does experience fruit fly outbreaks but moves quickly to contain them. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, is one of the most serious pests of fruit crops world-wide. Department of Agriculture and Food, PO Box 1321, Bunbury, 6280 Western Australia, Australia. During the last decades, area-wide pest management (AW-IPM) approaches with a sterile insect technique (SIT) component have been used to control populations of this pest in an effective and environment-friendly manner. 3) Begin field plot studies. Cultural Control and Sanitary Methods One of the most effective control techniques against fruit flies in general is to wrap fruit, either in newspaper, a paper bag, or in the case of long/thin fruits, a polythene sleeve. In late spring, summer and autumn they are most active around Perth. Correspondence: David C. Cook. In the metropolitan area and the south-west of the state, Medfly is active in late spring, summer and autumn. Other pest fruit flies include the Mediterranean fruit fly (Med fly) Ceratitis capitata, an introduced species currently only present in WA and the Cucumber fly Bactrocera cucumis. " Economic evaluation of three alternative methods for control of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Israel, Palestinian Territories, and Jordan " Mediterranean Fruit Fly Control In the overall endeavour to increase the world's food supply, the production of vitamin-rich fruits, though not as vital as cereals and other staples, cannot be ignored. Tel. A list of common fruits identified as fruit fly hosts can be found on the Queensland fruit fly host fruits page. The control alternatives include population suppression using bait sprays, population suppression using massive release of sterile male flies, and population eradication also using massive releases of sterile male flies. Fruit flies are more common during moist weather in summer months, but your home can be infested with fruit flies any time of year. The aim of this study was to evaluate, on a regional basis, the economic returns of 3 improved alternative Mediterranean fruit fly control methods using a 9-yr time frame. 4) Summarize and publish results. They attack sound and dam-aged fruits and vegetables by laying eggs under the skin (Figure 1). Only early maturing varieties of stone fruit or fruit fly tolerant varieties of fruit such as some lemon Medfly, as it is commonly known, infest more than 200 hosts worldwide. Josh Byrne. 2 .4 The Mediterranean Suit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann) 7 2 .4 .1 The economic importance of fruit flies 7 2.4.2 Behaviour, biology and damage 8 2 4 3 Natural enemies of C capitata 9 2.4.4 Other Diptera often associated with dropped citrus fruits 10 2.4.5 Alternative host plants of C. capitata n 2.4.6 Control of C. capitata \] VUJI The Mediterranean fruit fly is a world plague which represents one of the most serious problems for agriculture. JOSH BYRNE: There are over 200 species of Fruit Fly in Australia. Cucumber fly is a major pest of melons, pumpkins and zucchini, it is similar in appearance to Qld fruit fly but is a bit larger. It attacks a range of cultivated fruits and some fruiting vegetables. The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) is only found in WA and is 3-5mm long. The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) is a hugely destructive agricultural pest, attacking more than 250 kinds of fruits, nuts and vegetables. The common Fruit Fly we get here in the west is the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Medfly - see picture), thought to originate from tropical Africa, and was first detected in WA in Claremont in 1895. The Medfly has spread throughout the Mediterranean region, southern Europe, the Middle East, Western Australia, South and Central America and Hawaii. Continued registration of many organophosphate insecticides for use in the U. S. is in doubt. Each year tens of millions of dollars worth of stone and citrus fruits are ruined by a pest known as the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.). In addition, the efficacy of chemosterilant treatment increases year after year. The former can be used to cover an entire tree/bush, or in the case of large trees, just a couple of individual branches. Rev Agric Entomol. Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) is a serious horticultural pest in the South West of Western Australia. 3. Keywords: Ceratitis capitata, chemosterilization, lufenuron, fruit fly, sterile, trap All citrus is susceptible in warm winters. Rev Agric … Eradication versus control of Mediterranean fruit fly in Western Australia. In this article we will tell you why you need to get fruit flies under control, some do-it-yourself methods of fruit fly control, and what the experts told us about getting rid of this pest. 1). Entomol. Watch this video to learn about: the life cycle of Queensland fruit fly (QFF) This technique is known as exclusion, and involves the use of fine-weave netting or small bags to protect ripening fruit. Current control methods for the Mediterranean fruit fly, _Ceratitis capitata_, and their application in the USA. used extensively for the control of Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) and, more recently, Caribbean fruit fly (Caribfly), Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) (Steiner et al. A current example is the loss of diazinon as a ground treatment for fruit flies. School of Agricultural and Resource Economics, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, 6009 Western Australia, Australia. In spring, 1 to 2 traps per hectare can be placed for the detection of the pest and observation of its population levels. The Mediterranean fruit fly is a short, squat fly about 1/4 inch in length (Fig. You can manage QFF by monitoring QFF activity and using a range of methods to control this pest. The possibility of using this technique combined with other control methods is discussed. Fruit Fly Control Methods for Pacific Island Countries and Territories Fruit flies (Family Tephritidae) are one of the most serious insect pests of horticultural produce throughout the tropi-cal and sub-tropical world. Host preferences vary in different regions. Ten serious infestations of Medfly were eradicated successfully in Florida using malathion-bait spray mixtures applied by ground andlor air (Clark et al. the Mediterranean fruit fly is the most important pest, as Citrus leafminer, aphids, scales, ... alternative methods to control the medfly. This fruit fly is found in all regions with a warm climate ... Efforts have been made to develop methods of biological control using the entomophagous insect Opius concolor, but these have not met with great success. It attacks a range of cultivated fruits and some fruiting vegetables. It is found throughout Africa, South and Central America, the Mediterranean and parts of Australia, causing widespread damage and a severe economic impact on growers. 1996). The activity of Medfly depends on the temperature. Conventional fruit fly control methods such as bait sprays, male annihilation, and ground treatments rely heavily on organophosphate insecticides. Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) is a serious horticultural pest in Western Australia. Another, more interesting, attempt was made by introducing males sterilized by ionizing radiation. Thin-skinned, ripe succulent fruits are preferred. Unlike the monitoring methods for the golden nematode (where you must have 10 7 cysts/acre before you have a 50% chance of detecting it), the monitoring methods for the Mediterranean fruit fly are sensitive to low populations, making early detection of new introductions possible. Control of these pests is effected mainly through the application of proteinaceous baits mixed with insecticides. The Mediterranean fruit fly attacks more than 260 different fruits, flowers, vegetables, and nuts. To control fruit fly organically, you have a few options. Download to: EdNote BibTeX *use BibTeX for Zotero Am ong these, the mass-trapping technique used in many countries such as Spain and Greece (Miranda and al., 2001; Ros and al., 2002), was tried from 2006 in Tunisia. Most of the damage to fruit is done by just 2 species - the exotic Mediterranean Fruit Fly on the western side of the continent and the native Queensland Fruit Fly in the east. One is to create a physical barrier that prevents the female fly from accessing fruit. Control. Medfly, as it is commonly known, has been recorded to infest more than 200 hosts worldwide. 2) Begin laboratory screening against Mediterranean fruit fly, oriental fruit fly, and melon fly larvae and pupae. It has a blackish thorax marked with silver; a tan abdomen with darker stripes extending across the abdomen; and clear wings with two light brown bands across the wing, another along the distal front edge, and gray flecks scattered near the base. The Mediterranean fruit fly, or Medfly, is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. If control methods are not used, Medfly can infest 100 percent of susceptible fruit such as apricots, nectarines, peaches and mandarins and to a lesser extent, fruits such as apples and pears. The Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata or Medfly) is considered the most important agricultural pest in the world. and methods of control of, the Mediterranean fruit fly in the Maghreb An analysis covering three control options, including the sterile insect technique Report of an expert group organized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture m xT^iD of INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY /A\ The IAEA does not normally maintain stocks of reports in this series. Although several species of cucurbits have been recorded as hosts of the medfly, they are considered to be very poor hosts. 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