Fjords synonyms, Fjords pronunciation, Fjords translation, English dictionary definition of Fjords. She or he will best know the preferred format. Learn more. Minor glacier expansions, however, are recorded at 5.5 to 5 Ma, 4.5 Ma, between 4 and 3.5 Ma, and at 2.8 Ma. Excluding the Quaternary sediments at the bottom of the Sognefjord, the volume difference between the reconstructed paleic surface and present topography is 7610 km3. The last 0.6 Ma were characterized by short, but warm interglacials between significant glacials with deposition of large amounts of IRD on the Vøring Plateau, indicating that Scandinavian ice sheets frequently reached the edge of the continental shelf. Fjord, from the norse “fjörðr”, means “der man ferder over” (English “where you travel across”) or “å sette over på den andre siden” (english “put across to the other side”). They often end abruptly at steep cliffs. region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. The highest mountain adjacent to the Sognefjord is Bleia (1721m), and the largest relief along the fjord of 2850m is found here. A reef is a ridge of material at or near the surface of the ocean. fjord definition: 1. a long strip of sea between steep hills, found especially in Norway 2. a long strip of sea…. The Sognefjord is the largest fjord system in Norway, penetrating more than 200 km inland from the coast of western Norway (Fig. Another word for fjord. Therefore, the relative amounts of glacial and fluvial erosion must have varied greatly from site to site. “The fjords were created by massive glaciation that went below sea level”, he continues. At the bottom of a fjord, the water pressure can be hundreds or even thousands of kilograms per square meter. Guide to the 10 Best Fjords in Norway. Averaged over 600,000 years and assuming only minor fluvial erosion, the rate of glacial erosion was 330 cm/1000 yr (3.3 mm/yr). It is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, and its mouth is located 45 miles (72 km) north of Bergen. Fjord definition is - a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes. Its natural environment makes it a thriving habitat for various species of birds and sea life. A fjord is a deep and narrow inlet from the sea. From the original (paleic) landscape, at that time only penetrated by a single river system, the glaciers abrased, plucked, gnawed and washed away an amount of rock corresponding to roughly 7600 cubic kilometres, resulting in a valley 204 000m long and a maximum relief of 2850m. This is of similar magnitude as erosion rates calculated for modern Norwegian glaciers, which range from 1.6-O.OS mm/yr. The valleys was then filled with water from the sea. In English, fjord is more specific, requiring steep sides and deep water. Averaged over the last 600,000 years and assuming only glacial erosion, the rate of erosion was 330 cm/ 1000 year (3.3 mm/yr). The Fjord horse or Norwegian Fjord Horse (Norwegian: fjordhest) is a relatively small but very strong horse breed from the mountainous regions of western Norway. These fracture systems have been important for guiding erosion. (singular: plankton) microscopic aquatic organisms. When the regions occupied by these glaciers subsided, the valleys were drowned by the sea. Jeff Hunt, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society Define fjord. Here’s a guide to the basics: What is a fjord? Melissa McDaniel Photo: iStock / Smitt. We create useful, effective, and desirable digital services that people love. Dahl, V. Valen and J. Øvstedal The coastline of the fjord is known as “the fruit orchard of Norway” thanks to its extremely fertile ground; there’s a huge amount of fruit that grows there. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. long period of cold climate where glaciers cover large parts of the Earth. Synonyms: arm, bay, bight… Find the right word. Here, the seals and eagles reign, and the whales and fish patrol the deep fjords. How are Fjords Formed? Glaciers move very slowly over time, and can greatly alter the landscape once they have moved through an area. From the fjord region of Western Norway alone, a total of 35 000 cubic kilometres of solid rock was removed and dumped on the continental shelf. The fjords can be long and quite deep and often surrounded by high mountains. rocky ocean features made up of millions of coral skeletons. Organisms in cold-water reefs have also adapted to life under high pressure. Atle Nesje – Professor in Quaternary Geology, University of Bergen, Go Fjords: Big and Small Fjord Experiences bringing the internet to africa’s forgotten island fjord or fiord (fyôrd), steep-sided inlet of the sea characteristic of glaciated regions.Fjords probably resulted from the scouring by glaciers of valleys formed by any of several processes, including faulting and erosion by running water. (7) Based on the selective nature of glacial erosion along ice streams, annual erosion rates for ice streams in the Sognefjord drainage basin probably varied between 1.02 and 3.3 mm/yr. The valley fills with water from a nearby ocean or sea, leaving steep rock formations above water on either side. Design and Innovation from Accenture Interactive. As a child, Fjord was a chubby, short, mis-proportioned stumpy kid with big teeth, though he at one point did his own dental work to remove his tusks. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. At Fjord, we have the opportunity to design the world we want to live in – one that propels us forward, one that works with us and for us. Dahl, V. Valen and J. Øvstedal Fjords are usually deepest farther inland, where the glacial force was strongest. After 1.2 Ma the amount of ice ratfed detritus (IRD) increased, indicating larger glacial activity in Scandinavia . Also called glacial age. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side. H… Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. The maximum depth (1308m) of the Sognefjord is at Vadheim, further out. How to use fjord in a sentence. Privacy Notice |  Sogn Fjord, fjord, western Norway. Assuming that consistent summit levels and the wide, high-lying valley represent the paleic, pre-Quaternary land surface, the present relief represents the total Quaternary erosion and denudation. Fords may be impassable during high water. The volume of 7610 km3 of eroded bedrock distributed over the Sognefjord drainage basin (12,518 km2 ), yields an average vertical erosion of 610 m. Supposing that the erosion of the Sognefjord basin started at the beginning of the first significant Quaternary glaciations in Scandinavia 2.57 million years ago (Ma), the average erosion rate was 24 cm/1000 yr (0.024 mm/yr). type of marine animal related to corals and jellies. Fjord is a Norwegian word that have become international, especially in English where it is used directly. For the adventurous traveller you can challenge yourself in the spectacular nature of the West of Norway. Fjord Tours has great round-trips including the Sognefjord from Bergen or Oslo: The Sognefjord in a nutshell tour includes a trip by express boat on the Sognefjord and train journeys through spectacular nature on the famous Flåm Railway and the Bergen Railway. The Trollfjord is a completely unspoilt fjord in the north of Norway. A low water crossing is a low bridge that allows crossing over a river or stream when water is low but may be covered by deep water when the river is high. Find another word for fjord. fjord. This allowed for the Atlantic Ocean to seep into certain crevices. A fjord, as the Sognefjord, is per definition a glacially overdeepened valley, usually narrow and steepsided, extended below sea level and naturally filled with seawater. They are home to several types of fish, plankton and sea anemones. Department of Geography and Geology, University of Bergen. The verb “fare” (english “travel”) and the substantive “ferje” (english “ferry”) has the same origin. At about 111 miles long, the Hardanger Fjord is the third longest fjord in the world. National Geographic Video: WWII Shipwreck Found in Norwegian Fjord. : The Coast Mountains rise steeply from the fjords and channels on the coast, and glaciers are found at higher elevations. The current path of the fjord is in fact attributable to glacial erosion. Visit Norway: Official page for Norway In this paper, we have calculated quantitatively the amount of Quarternary bedrock erosion in the Sognefjord drainage basin in western Norway. low, wetland area near the mouth of a river. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Within a narrow critical zone, the combination of great thickness and high velocity thus provides the optimum conditions for a high abrasion rate. The fjord also has a fascinating history, with many tales to tell. What makes people choose one coffee shop over another when both offer the exact same coffee for the same price? During the Quaternary there have been several glacials and interglacials. Learn more. If you’re traveling in Norway you might be amazed by the rocky cliffs surrounding the deep water of a fjord. However, the preglacial valley floor is difficult to reconstruct accurately along the present fjord (Fig. These reefs provide food and habitat for about 25 percent of the world’s fishes. The inner part, however, has five branches (Fjærlandsfjord, Årdalsfjord, Nærøyfjord & Aurlandsfjord and Lustrafjord) (Fig. Fjord Norway is a phrase commonly used to refer to Norway’s fjord region, located in Western Norway. Fjords are some of the most dramatic landscape features on earth, and the origin and processes related to this feature have been discussed for almost a hundred years. Most of the Scandinavian coastline is cut into thousands of little blocks of land. Please help improve this article by editing it. The degree to which overdeepening can take place depends on the relationship between the thickness of the ice and its velocity. During the early Cenozoic Era (65 million years ago), the earth’s crust was lifted asymmetrically, and Norway’s first fjords were formed. Similar channelized ice flows occur at present in Antarctica and Greenland with measured annual ice velocities of about 500m. long, narrow ocean inlet between steep slopes. The highest rate of glacial erosion may be estimated from the maximum relief along the Sognefjord (2850 m). 11 synonyms of fjord from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 10 related words, definitions, and antonyms. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. 1 Character 2 Ships 2.1 het 2.2 slash 2.3 non-binary 2.4 poly 2.5 friend 3 Canon 4 Fanon 5 Fandom 6 Lists 7 Navigation This section is in need of major improvement. What are synonyms for Fjords? Some features of fjords include coral reefs and rocky islands called skerries.Some of the largest coral reefs are found at the bottom of fjords in Norway. or fiord n. A long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes, especially one shaped by glacial action. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. Sustainability Policy |  Tim Gunther, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. Limited to the east by the main watershed, the fjord region of western Norway is about 58,000 km2. Fjords occur on the coasts of British Columbia and eastern Canada, Alaska, Chile, New Zealand, Greenland and Norway. Since both fluvial downcutting and subaerial denudation during the Holocene are insignificant, this may also have been the case for preceeding interglacials. Your individual resting position is easily achieved by moving your body. The fjord is set between Lofoten and Vesterålen, northern islands that experience mild summers and wet winters. At its deepest, Hardanger Fjord is about 2,953 feet deep. The highlight for us was the Sawyer Glacier itself. Dun in colour, with five variations in shade recognised in the Earth is. 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