Gudvangen is situated by the Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord particularly noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery, and only 300 metres (980 ft) across at its narrowest point. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. The seabed in Sognefjord is covered by some 200 metres (660 ft) thick sediments such that the bedrock is some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) below sea level. The Messier Channel has a depth of 4,455 feet is named after French astronomer Charles Messier. [10], The volume of the whole Sognefjorden including its various branches is about 500 cubic kilometres (120 cu mi), while the total volume of rock eroded by glaciers from the entire Sognefjord system and adjacent valleys is about 4,000 cubic kilometres (960 cu mi).[9]. Its length, from the offshore island of Outer Sula (Ytre Sula) in the North Sea to Skjolden, at the head of its longest branch, Lustra Fjord, is 128 miles (206 km). This uplift, that occurred long before the Quaternary glaciations, enabled rivers to incise deeply the Paleic relief. There is no clear relation between the east-west direction of the main fjord and the fold patterns of the bedrock, while some of tributary fjords in the parts corresponds to fold pattern. In Norway we have a saying that as high as the mountain you see from the Its bottom is 4,215 feet below sea level. The … Continue reading "The Sognefjord" [13] The fjords of western Norway formed in connection to the east-ward tilting of much of Norway during the Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains. [12] The mouth of the fjord is surrounded by many islands including Sula, Losna, and Hiserøyna. Besides, being one of the longest fjords in the world, the Sognefjord is … Jervis Inlet, the deepest fjord in BC. Popular activities in the Nærøyfjord are kayaking – exploring a massive fjord in a little kayak is an unforgettable experience – and hiking. Quesnel Lake is said to be the deepest fjord lake in the world. In a survey conducted by National Geographic Traveler Magazine the famous fjords of Norway were selected as the number one unspoiled travel spot from a list of 115 destinations around the world. Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. Sognefjord - explore the longest and deepest fjord in Norway The Sognefjord (or Sognefjorden in Norwegian) is located on the west coast in Norway. Several rivers pour fresh water into the fjord with an annual "spring" flood in June. Near its mouth, the bottom rises abruptly to a sill about 100 metres (330 ft) below sea level. Sognefjord, the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, lies right in the heart of Fjord Norway and extends more than 200 kilometers inland to the foot of the Jotunheimen, Jostedalsbreen and Breheimen national parks. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. And its fertile waters are a must-fish destination for anglers looking for big lake lunkers. Around the outer area the land rises to about 500 metres (1,600 ft) above the sea, while in the inner areas of the fjord, they reach about 1,600 metres (5,200 ft). [16], During the last glaciation the ice reached a maximum thickness of nearly 3000 meters in the Sognefjord area. There are many smaller fjords which branch off the main fjord. Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf is home to the world’s deepest fjord, known as the Skelton Inlet, which is 6,342 feet below sea level at its deepest point. [11] Hurrungane range at the eastern end of the fjord reaches 2,400 metres (7,900 ft). In fact, Norway features approximately 1,200 fjords within a stretch of about 16,400 miles of coastline. The heritage site incorporates a wide range of landscape formations that are associated with the innermost reaches of two of the longest and deepest fjords in the world.Many consider these fjordside areas to be the most beautiful on Earth, and the landscapes remain … The mouth of the fjord opens towards the sea which is usually shallow. The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Feeling the hard rain bite against your cheeks just gives me a little reminder that we are not in charge here, its mother nature that is in control. Many people consider fjords the very symbol of Norway. Originated from the word “fare” which means travel, Fjords means the one which travels. The second deepest lake in Canada, Quesnel is in British Columbia. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. Fjords are considered as the very symbol of Norway by many people. From the village of Flåm, the Flåm Railway climbs 864 metres (2,835 ft) up to Myrdal Station in a distance of only 20 kilometres (12 mi)—the steepest unassisted railway climb in the world. The inner part […] As Norway’s largest, deepest and longest fjord, the Sognefjord holds a … We untied our lines from our slip at Pender Harbour at 7:45 a.m. to start our 48-mile trek up Jervis Inlet. Larger villages on the fjord and its branches include Leirvik, Ytre Oppedal, Vadheim, Høyanger, Vikøyri, Balestrand, Hermansverk, Sogndalsfjøra, Gudvangen, Flåm, Aurlandsvangen, Lærdalsøyri, Årdalstangen, Gaupne and Solvorn. Interestingly, … The Skelton Inlet gets its name from British Lt. Reginald W. Skelton, the chief engineer of the ship and crew who discovered the fjord during the Discovery Expedition that lasted from 1901 to 1904. This populati… Alternative Title: fiord Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. Great Lakes [ edit ] A family of freshwater fjords are the embayments of the North American Great Lakes. It is so special and spectacular that in 2005 it was placed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. [5] The name is related to Norwegian word súg- "to suck", presumably from the surge or suction of the tidal currents at the mouth of the fjord. The land of fjords has an abundance of these natural wonders. [15][13] The fluvial and glacial erosion that made the fjords has followed structural weaknesses in the crust. It was part of the Danish strategy to forestall the Norwegian claims on Northeast Greenland. 1,308 m (4,291 ft) – Sognefjord, Norway. The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 metres (4,291 ft) below sea level, and the greatest depths are found in the central parts of the fjord near Høyanger. The deepest fjords in the wor. So, what does a big lake mean? Sognefjord has a maximum depth of 1,308 metres. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Geirangerfjord measures approximately 10 miles in length and 958 feet in depth. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. The depth increases gradually from Årdal to a central basin reaching more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) in depth located between Leikanger and Brekke. In addition to providing visitors with enjoyable experiences, Sognefjorden wishes to preserve the local nature, culture and environment, strengthen social values, and be economically viable. At one point the impressive fjord reaches depth of 1,308 m (4,291 ft) below the sea. The Baker Channel, sometimes called the Calen Inlet, is 4,104 feet below sea level at its deepest point and penetrates the mainland for approximately 75 miles. Mitrovica, Montenegro has a grove of 2000 year old olive trees. Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. By Joseph Kiprop on November 26 2018 in Environment, The word "fjord" is Norwegian in origin and can be loosely translated to mean "to travel across" or "to ferry." Russia's national treasure, Lake Baikal, is the world's deepest lake and is our planet's largest freshwater lake measured by water volume. [10], The inner end of the Sognefjord is southeast of a mountain range rising to about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level and covered by the Jostedalsbreen, continental Europe's largest glacier. Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains, https://www.businessinsider.com/norway-might-get-floating-underwater-tunnel-2016-7?r=US&IR=T, https://www.vegvesen.no/_attachment/274047/binary/485789, Art of the States: Bright Days of Little Sunlight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sognefjord&oldid=997032978, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 18:22. The average depth is about ‎4,280 m. The volume of the Pacific Ocean reaches up to some 714 million cubic kilometers. The prize for the longest fjord in Norway goes to Sognefjord. It leaves Bergen and travels upto and along the fjord ,stopping at villages along the fjords edge. Near the coast the fjord mouth is bounded largely by low islands and skerries that are part of the strandflat. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. Thresholds occur in an area with sounds, valleys, and low land where the glacier was allowed spread out and lose its erosive effect. This current on the surface in turn pulls dense salt water from the coast across the fjord threshold and into the deepest parts of the fjord. At one point the impressive fjord reaches depth of 1,308 m (4,291 ft) below the sea. At the outlet of Quesnel lake, thought to be the world's deepest fjord-lake: with an estimated (but as yet unverified) maximum depth of approximately 600 m, it may be among the ten deepest lakes on the planet; Bolstadfjorden has a threshold of only 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) and strong inflow of freshwater from Vosso river creates a brackish surface that blocks circulation of the deep fjord. At a maximum depth of 511 metres, it’s the deepest lake in British Columbia and the third-deepest lake in British Columbia. People from the Thule culture lived here until about 1800. T he deepest point on the earth, the Mariana Trench, reaches the depth of about 10,994 m, measured at a small slot-shaped valley in its floor known as the Challenger Deep. The Sognefjord is nicknamed the King of the Fjords and is also the longest fjord, measuring an impressive 205 kilometers. Sognefjorden is also in the process of being certified as a Sustainable Destination, a seal of approval given to destinations that work systematically to reduce the negative impact of tourism. The Sognefjord Span (power lines) crosses the fjord with a span of 4,597 metres (15,082 ft). Known as ‘the King of the fjords’, it’s located in the county of Sogn og Fjordane in the western part of the country. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. The deepest fjord lake in the world.. 342 views The inner part has extensive tributary fjords such as Aurlandsfjorden, while the outer part is connected by narrow sounds to neighbouring fjords. And the major inflows are Horsefly River and Mitchell River. Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. It originates from the Norwegian Sea, which is part of the North Atlantic Ocean, and stretches 127 miles inland, all the way to Skjolden, which is a small village in the municipality of Luster. [6], The fjord runs through many municipalities: Solund, Gulen, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Vik, Sogndal, Lærdal, Aurland, Årdal, and Luster. There is a plan to build a road across the Sognefjord, crossing through a submerged tube in mid-water anchored to floats. [14][15] An estimate of 7610 km3 of rock has been eroded from the Sognefjord drainage basin since the Paleic surface formed. To put that in perspective, Kola descends further than the deepest point of the ocean, which lies at nearly 6.8 miles (11 kilometers). In 1925 about 70 inhabitants from Tasiilaq = Ammassalik ( 800 km to the south ) repopulated the area in the settlement Scoresbysund ( Ittoqqortoormiit = place with big houses). Boka Bay is the southernmost fjord in the world. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. [7][8] Sognefjord is more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) deep for about 100 kilometres (62 mi) of its length, from Rutledal to Hermansverk. Although often listed along with the channels of Chile as its name suggests, it is recognized as a fjord in the Scandinavian sense of the word due to its origin and physical attributes. Sogn Fjord, fjord, western Norway. The Norwegian roots of the word stem from the fact that Norway’s coastline has the highest number of documented fjords. Quesnel is a glacial lake also known as a fjord, and important as a source of drinking water and fresh fish. The deepest fjord in Norway is the Sognefjord as it drops 1,308 metres below sea level! Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. The World's Deepest Fjords Skelton Inlet Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf is home to the world’s deepest fjord, known as the Skelton Inlet, which is 6,342 feet below sea level at its deepest point. New species … The Sognefjord cuts through a northwestern gneiss area with a south-west to north-east structure, and penetrates the Caledonian fold through in the inner part. For around 100 kilometres the depth of the fjord is measured at more 1,000 metres. Though the nickname has been given probably due to its greatness, it has indeed been visited by both King and Queens over the years! The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Like the Messier Channel, it is considered a fjord although its name suggests it is a channel. Sognefjord’s deepest point is over 1300 meters, while, for reference, some Norwegian mountains tower over 2000 meters. The deepest hole ever dug may be pretty unassuming, but I suspect I’m not alone in being a little freaked out by it. The wreck of the Frankenwald, a German freighter sunk in 1940, was voted Norway’s Best Wreck Dive by the Norwegian dive magazine, Dykking, in 2009. Confluence of tributary fjords led excavation of the deepest fjord basin. The famous fjords of Norway were selected as the number one unspoiled travel spot from a list of 115 destinations around the world in a survey conducted by National Geographic Traveler Magazine. The municipality and the travel industry cooperate closely t… Its deepest point is 4,291 feet, and it is both the deepest and largest fjord in Norway. Its fertile waters are a must-fish destination for anglers looking for big lake lunkers was. The most spectacular ancient Paleic surface but had at the eastern end of the sea while... Lines from our slip at Pender Harbour at 7:45 a.m. to start our 48-mile up. 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